This study is concerned with an analysis of Efik and English phonology. It investigates areas of differences as well as areas of similarities with a view to anticipating the problems which Efik learners or users of English are likely to encounter. It examines the place of Contrastive Analysis, (CA), as a key notion in linguistic description and attempts to trace the role of non-linguistic factors in explicating the problems faced by the Efiks. In handling the two languages, there is generally more detailed description of Efik phonology while relevant areas of English phonology come in for contrastive or comparative purposes only. The rationale for this approach is established in the first chapter.
Chapter One stipulates the desirability for the investigation. It discusses the problem, limits the investigation, indicates the elicitation procedures and clarifies such issues of approach like method of contrast and comparison, descriptive model and order of entries.
Chapter Two deals with Efik and English vowel systems. It attempts an analysis of the two sound systems and makes predictions in the light of the analysis.
Chapter Three discusses Efik and English consonant systems. The areas of differences and areas of similarities are pointed out and problems or their absence for the Efiks are predicted in the light of CA principles of interference and of facilitation.
Chapter Four takes a look at Efik and English supra-segmental features. The main supraisegmental features discussed are stress, tone and intonation. Efik tone is contrasted with English intonation and the place of stress in both languages is highlighted.
Chapter Five focuses on findings, summaries and conclusions. It discusses information revealed through data collected, sets up hierarchies of production as well as recognition problems, and takes a fresh look at the major issues by way of summaries and conclusions. Finally, a bibliography at the end indicates the sources consulted for this study.